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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 10(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-02发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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abjure

v. to renounce 发誓放弃

 

n. abjuration

The company was forced to abjure the practice of firing pregnant employees after being sued for discrimination.

这家公司在被控告有歧视的行为之后,不得不放弃开除怀孕员工的措施。

Synonym

同义词:forswear

adhere

v. to stick fast to 附著;坚持

 

n. adherence

In today's fast-paced world, it is difficult to make time to adhere to a regular schedule of exercise.

在今天这个生活步调快速的世界里,很难找时间坚持定时地做运动。

Synonym

同义词:attach; cling

Antonym

反义词:loosen

adjure

v. to ask earnestly 恳求

 

n. adjuration

As your friend, I adjure you to reconsider quitting smoking for your health's sake.

身为你的朋友,为了你的健康着想,请你三思,把烟戒掉吧。

Synonym

同义词:appeal; entreat; beseech

circuitous

adj. going a long way round 迂迥的

The taxi driver took a circuitous route to the hotel, trying to get more money out of the tourist.

那位计程车司机去旅馆时故意绕远路,想多赚观光客的钱。

Synonym

同义词:indirect; roundabout

Antonym

反义词:straight

circumlocution

n. roundabout expression 迂迥的陈述

The professor's circumlocution makes his lectures difficult to understand.

这位教授迂迥的陈述使他讲的课令人难以理解。

Synonym

同义词:periphrasis

cohesion

n. state of sticking together tightly 团结

 

adj. cohesive

The cohesion of our employees was threatened by the favoritism upper management continued to display.

高阶主管持续性的偏袒行为,让我们员工的团结受到威胁。

* favoritism

偏袒

Synonym;

同义词;solidarity

Antonym

反义词:division

colloquy

n. conversation 谈话

 

adj. colloquial

The colloquy between the bitter rivals was strained, but a big step in reconciling their differences.

这些死敌之间的谈话气氛十分紧张,对于调解他们的纷争却是跨出了一大步。

* bitter rival

死敌

* strained

紧张的

* reconcile

调停

conjecture

n. guess 臆测

 

v. conjecture

Alexander's idea that Karen and Scott are planning to marry next month is pure conjecture.

亚历山大认为凯伦和史考特打算下个月结婚,这纯粹知识凭空臆测而已。

Synonym

同义词:surmise; assumption; speculation

epilogue

n. additional passage or speech added to the end of a book or play (戏剧的)收场白;(文学作品的)结语

The novel's epilogue told what happened to the main character later in her life.

这本小说的结语交待了主角后半生的遭遇。

Antonym

反义词:prologue; prelude

heliograph

n. instrument that uses the sun's rays to send signals 日光反射信号机

After having been stranded on the deserted island for weeks, the sailors used a primitive heliograph to signal for help.

船搁浅在荒岛上好几个礼拜之后,水手们利用原始的日光反射信号机,来发出求救的信号。

* strand

搁浅

* primitive

原始的

* signal

发出信号

heliotrope

n. plant with purplish flowers which turn towards the sun 天芥菜属植物(其紫色小花会随太阳转向)

The tiny blossoms of the heliotrope turned their faces upward and followed the sum across the sky.

天芥菜将其小小的花朵面朝上,跟随著横跨天际的太阳转向。

helium

n. element abundant in the sun's atmosphere 氦(化学元素,多存于太阳大气中)

Much to the children's delight we filled their balloons with helium to make them float.

我们在孩子们的气球中装满氦气,让气球漂浮起来,令他们十分高兴。

inherent

adj. existing as a natural part of 与生俱来的;固有的

Her inherent love for the water led her to pursue a berth on the national yachting team competing for the America's Cup.

她天生对海十分热爱,所以希望加入国家游艇队,争夺美国杯。

* berth

职位

Synonym

同义词:innate; inborn; congenital

Antonym

反义词:extrinsic; adventitious

interlocutory

adj. conversational 对话的

Their agreement was interlocutory only, and papers had not yet been signed.

他们的协议只是口头上说说而已,尚未签署任何文件。

itinerant

adj. traveling from place to place 巡迥的

The church tried to provide food and shelter for the many itinerant homeless people in the area.

教会设法提供食宿给许多在当地四处流浪、无家可归的人。

Synonym

同义词:vagrant; nomadic

itinerary

n. plan for a journey 旅行计划;旅行日程

After I faxed several times, my travel agent finally sent me the itinerary for my trip to Italy.

我传真好几次之后,旅行社终于把到意大利的形成寄给我。

Synonym

同义词:schedule

libelous

adj. wrongly damaging someone's reputation 诽谤性的

 

n., v. libel

Micheal Jackson sued the magazine for publishing a libelous story about him.

迈可·杰克森控告这家杂志刊载了一篇毁谤他的文章。

Synonym

同义词:defamatory; slanderous; vilifying

libretto

n. text of a musical play 歌剧剧本;歌词

The libretto of this opera is very verbose and difficult for even the most accomplished opera singer to master.

这场歌剧的剧本太过冗长,即使是熟练的歌唱家也很难精通。

* verbose

冗长的

* accomplished

熟练的

loquacious

adj. talkative 好辩的;饶舌的

Robin is a very loquacious person; you can never get a word in when he is talking.

罗宾是个非常饶舌的人,他在讲话时,别人都插不上嘴。

Synonym

同义词:garrulous; gossipy

Antonym

反义词:taciturn

obloquy

n. strong words spoken against someone 辱骂;毁谤

The environmental group Greenpeace's obloquy of oil companies was televised on the news.

环保团体绿色和平对石油公司的指责,被电视新闻报道出来。

Synonym

同义词:abuse; slander

Antonym

反义词:praise; compliment

perjure

v. to testify falsely 作伪证

 

n. perjury

The witness was charged with perjuring during the trial, and was put in jail.

证人都质控在审判时作伪证,因而被送进监狱。

projectile

n. missile; something thrown forward 飞弹;抛射物

The mob grabbed rocks, bottles and chunks of wood and used them as projectiles to hurl at the police.

暴民拿着石头、瓶子以及木头向警方投掷。

* mob

暴民

* chunk

厚木块

* hurl

投掷

soliloquy

n. speech by one individual 自言自语;独白

In this particular piece of drama, each character's soliloquy revealed his true nature.

在这场特别的戏中,每位角色的独白都暴露出其真实的本性。

Synonym

同义词:monologue

trajectory

n. path taken by thrown object 弹道;抛射物的行程

The trajectory of the missile put it on a direct collision course with an aircraft carrier patrolling the Mediterranean.

飞弹的弹道直接瞄准正在地中海巡航的航空母舰。

* collision course

冲撞路线

* aircraft carrier

航空母舰

* patrol

巡逻

transition

n. changing from one form or state to another 转移,转换

The transition to democracy in a country is often a long and difficult process.

一个国家转变成民主国家的过程,通常是既漫长又艰辛的。

Synonym

同义词:alteration; conversion; transmutation

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