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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 11(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-03发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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compromise

v. to reach a settlement by mutual concession 妥协

 

n. compromise

After thirteen months of war, the two nations compromised to end the fighting.

在历时十三个月的交战之后,两国互相妥协,同意停战。

Synonym

同义词:reconcile; negotiate

demise

n. death 死亡

After the monarch fell down the ravine to his death, the villagers celebrated the demise of the tyrannical king.

当国王跌落山谷死亡之后,村民们大肆庆祝这位暴君的灭亡。

* ravine

峡谷

elucidate

v. to enlighten 阐明;说明

Could you please elucidate your argument for increased government spending on education?

能不能请你说明为什么主张政府应该增加教育经费?

Synonym

同义词:clarify; explicate

Antonym

反义词:confuse

emancipate

v. to free 解放

In United States history, slaves were emancipated by President Abraham Lincoln.

在美国的历史上,奴隶是林肯总统解放的。

Synonym

同义词:liberate; manumit

Antonym

反义词:enslave

eminent

adj. distinguished 有名的;显著的

An eminent scholar of physics is going to speak at our university today.

今天有位著名的物理学者要来我们的大学演讲。

Synonym

同义词:renowned; well-known; notable

Antonym

反义词:obscure; unknown; ordinary

imminent

adj. likely to come soon 将来临的

The weather report said that the approach of the typhoon is imminent.

气象报告说台风已逐渐逼近。

Synonym

同义词:impending; approaching

Antonym

反义词:distant; remote

intermediary

n. mediator; middleman 调停者;中间人

After months of impasse, an intermediary was sent to help the two countries negotiate a treaty.

经过几个月僵持不下之后,一位调停者被派去协助两国商定条约。

* impasse

僵局

* negotiate

商定

Synonym

同义词:arbiter; go-between

intermittent

adj. stopping at intervals 间歇的

Despite being interrupted by intermittent rain showers, the President's speech was well received.

尽管曾因断断续续的阵雨而中断,总统的演说仍然大受好评。

Synonym

同义词:periodic; spasmodic

Antonym

反义词:incessant; continuous

luminous

adj. bright 发光的

A literary expression used by some poets to describe the moon is to refer to it as a "luminous orb."

有些诗人会运用文学性的描述,称呼月亮是个「发光的眼睛」。

* orb

眼睛;星球

Synonym

同义词:radiant

lustrous

adj. brilliant; shining 有光泽的;光亮的

 

n. luster

The gold bracelet was so lustrous, he could not help but reach out to try to grab it.

那个金手镯闪闪发光,他忍不住伸出手想去抓它。

Synonym

同义词:glossy; radiant

magnate

n. person of prominence or influence 富豪;巨头

After years of struggling to make his company successful, Mr. Dorn has become a local business magnate.

为了使公司成功,多恩先生经过多年的努力后,终于成为当地的商业巨子。

Synonym

同义词:mogul; tycoon

magniloquent

adj. pompous 夸张的

The people had grown to ignore the king's magniloquent speeches, knowing that his words were devoid of any real meaning.

人民已渐渐不理会国王夸张的言论,都知道他的话没有任何实质的意义。

* devoid

缺少的

Synonym

同义词:grandiloquent; bombastic; rhetorical

magnitude

n. 1. size 大小 2. importance 重大

Very few people can really imagine the true magnitude of the universe's vastness.

很少人真正能想像浩瀚的宇宙究竟有多大。

Synonym

同义词:1. measure 2. significance

Antonym

反义词:2. smallness; triviality

manipulate

v. to handle with skill 操纵,控制

After manipulating the wires in the back of the radio for only a few minutes, Eric was able to repair the radio.

艾瑞克调整收音机后面的电线,在短短几分钟之内,就把收音机修理好了。

Synonym

同义词:operate; manage

manumit

v. to set (a slave) free 解放(奴隶)

The government ordered all slave owners to manumit any slaves within their holding.

政府命令所有奴隶主人解放他们所拥有的奴隶。

Synonym

同义词:emancipate

maternal

adj. motherly 母亲的

 

n. maternity

When she saw the bus rushing at the child at full speed, her maternal instinct to protect the child overcame her.

当她看见公共汽车全速冲向那小孩时,内心便充满了母性的本能,想去保护那个孩子。

matricide

n. killing of one's own mother 杀母

To insure their multi-million dollar inheritance, the two brothers conspired to commit matricide.

两兄弟为了确保继承数百万元遗产,便共同密谋杀害母亲。

* conspire

共谋

matrimony

n. state of marriage 婚姻

Matrimony is not always blissful, and many couples do not realize the amount of work needed to keep the marriage happy.

婚姻不一定是幸福的,许多夫妇并不了解要使婚姻快乐所必须付出的努力。

Synonym

同义词:marital ties; wedlock

mediate

v. to settle an argument between two groups 调停

 

n. mediation

Father had to mediate between the two boys unable to compromise and share the toy.

父亲必须为两个不肯妥协、分享玩具的小男孩调停。

* comprise

妥协

Synonym

同义词:arbitrate; interpose; reconcile

pellucid

adj. very clear 清晰的;明白的

The pellucid water in the stream looked so inviting that we could not resist jumping in and taking a swim.

溪流中清澈的水是如此地诱人,我们忍不住跳入水中游泳。

Synonym

同义词:transparent; limpid

Antonym

反义词:turbid

perimeter

n. outer boundary 周围;周长

Guards and watch dogs paced the perimeter of the prison, keeping watch for any convicts attempting to escape.

守卫与警犬在监狱周围来回走动,注意是否有犯人企图越狱。

* convict

罪犯

Synonym

同义词:circumference; periphery

prominent

adj. well-known and important 著名的

Robert's mother is the district attorney and a prominent leader in the community.

罗伯的母亲是地方检察官,也是社区里著名的领导者。

* district attorney

(美)地方检察官

Synonym

同义词:celebrated; distinguished; noted

Antonym

反义词:unknown; unnotable

surmise

v. to guess 臆测

 

n. surmise

After much deliberation, the detective surmised that it was the butler who killed Mr. Smith.

经过深思熟虑之后,侦探推测杀死史密斯先生的人事那位男管家。

* deliberation

深思熟虑

* butler

男管家

Synonym

同义词:conjecture; presume

Antonym

反义词:ascertain; prove

symmetry

n. right correspondence of parts 对称

 

adj. symmetrical

The painter used different patterns and colors to achieve symmetry in his paintings.

画家运用不同的图案和色彩使其画作协调。

Synonym

同义词:balance; harmony; proportion

Antonym

反义词:incongruity

translucent

adj. allowing some light to pass through 半透明的

A translucent cloth, thick enough to give privacy and thin enough to let in light, was used as a curtain.

有种半透明的窗帘布,其厚度足以让人保有隐私,但又薄得可以透光。

Synonym

同义词:diaphanous; semi-opaque

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