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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 14(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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append

v. to add something in writing or in print at the end 附加

 

n. appendix

At the end of his report, Dennis appended a brief synopsis of his research.

在报告的最后,丹尼斯附加了有关这次研究的简短摘要。

* synopsis

摘要

Synonym

同义词:attach; affix; annex

Antonym

反义词:detach; remove

centripetal

adj. tending toward the center 向心的

The star orbiting the black hole finally succumbed to the centripetal force generated by the black hole's infinite gravity.

统着黑洞轨道运行的星球,最后因黑洞无限引力所产生的向心力而塌陷。

* orbit

环绕轨道

* succumb

屈服

complacent

adj. pleased or contented with oneself; self-satisfied 自满的

The complacent attitude of the city councilors made it almost impossible for citizens to move them to action.

市议员们自满的态度,使市民几乎不可能使他们采取行动。

Synonym

同义词:self-contented; conceited

Antonym

反义词:humble; modest

compliant

adj. ready to obey 顺从的

The office staff was compliant to the demands of the investigation team conducting a probe of the company's financial dealings.

公司职员顺从调查组的要求,要对他们公司的财务往来状况进行调查。

* probe

调查

Synonym

同义词:acquiescent; docile; obedient

Antonym

反义词:defiant; resistant

compulsion

n. that which makes a person do something 强制

 

adj. compulsory

Lawyers found evidence of compulsion on the part of police to force confessions out of the suspects.

律师发现证据,证明警方用强制的手段,迫使嫌疑犯认罪。

* confession

供认

Synonym

同义词:enforcement; coercion; constraint

Antonym

反义词:option

deplete

v. to use up 耗尽

 

n. depletion

The farmers depleted their reserve stores of grain to feed their families during the harsh winter.

在严寒的冬天,农夫们为了温饱家人,耗尽了储存的粮食。

Synonym

同义词:consume; exhaust; drain

Antonym

反义词:augment; increase; restore

impetus

n. force with which a body moves; driving force 动力;原动力

The impetus for the city to crack down on crime was a series of violent crimes committed in previously safe neighborhoods.

该市扫荡犯罪的原动力,是来自于发生在从前相当安全的地区,一连串的暴力犯罪。

Synonym

同义词:impulse; incentive; motivation; momentum

implacable

adj. which cannot be satisfied or appeased 难和解的;难安抚的

The implacable mob would accept nothing less than the execution of the accused man.

只有将被告处死,这些难以安抚的群众才会接受。

* mob

暴徒;群众

Synonym

同义词:uncompromising; unappeasable

Antonym

反义词:reconcilable

impunity

n. freedom from punishment 不收惩罚

Government troops took over the town, taking what they wanted for their own and flaunting the law with impunity.

政府军接管了城镇,将想要的东西占为己有,蔑视法律不收惩罚。

* flaunt

蔑视

Synonym

同义词:dispensation; exemption; immunity

penance

n. self-punishment to show that one is sorry for doing something wrong (赎罪的)苦行;悔过

Joe's penance for fighting with his sister was to do her household chores for a week.

乔帮他妹妹做一星期家事,以表示后悔和妹妹打架。

* chores

pl. 家务

Synonym

同义词:penitence; atonement

pendent

adj. hanging 悬垂的

The pendent vines blocked their path, forcing them to take an alternate route.

悬垂的藤蔓阻塞了道路,迫使他们走另一条路。

* block

阻塞

* alternate

代替的

pendulous

adj. hanging down loosely so as to swing freely 下垂的;摆动的

Pendulous streamers decorated the ceiling of the hall where the dance was to be held that evening.

那天晚上举行舞会的大厅,天花板上装饰了悬垂摆动的彩色纸带。

* streamer

彩色纸带

Synonym

同义词:suspended; vacillating

penitent

adj. feeling or showing regret 后悔的

 

n. penitence

The judge took into account the defendant's penitent behavior and was lenient in sentencing.

法官将被告悔过的行为列入考虑,因此在判决时从轻量刑。

* lenient

宽大的

Synonym

同义词:remorseful; regretful; repentant

Antonym

反义词:remorseless; unrepentant

petition

n. request 请愿(书);恳求

 

v. petition

Some people from our neighborhood are asking people to sign a petition requesting the city to repave our main road.

我们附近有些人,请求大家签署请愿书,要求市政府重铺主要的道路。

Synonym

同义词:entreaty; plea; solicitation

placate

v. to cause to stop feeling angry; to appease 安慰;安抚

After many complaints from the neighbors, Ron used a meaty bone to placate the barking dog.

在邻居诸多的抱怨后,罗恩用一根多肉的骨头,来安抚那只狂吠的狗。

Synonym

同义词:pacify; conciliate; soothe; mollify

Antonym

反义词:enrage; provoke

placid

adj. quiet; not easily angered 平静的

 

n. placidity

As Amelia looked at the placid lake in front of her, it reminded her of the lake by her family's summer house.

当爱蜜莉亚看着她前面平静的湖时,她想起她家避暑小屋旁的湖。

Synonym

同义词:composed; tranquil; serene

Antonym

反义词:choleric; agitated

plenary

adj. complete 完全的

A plenary meeting of all companies interested in investing in the project was held.

所有对于投资此项目有兴趣的公司召开全体大会。

plenipotentiary

n. person having full power to act in all matters 全权代表;全权大使

The White House sent a plenipotentiary to Mexico to discuss the terms of the economic aid package.

白宫指派一位全权代表,至墨西哥商讨经济援助计划的条件。

propellant

n. substance that drives something forward 推进剂

 

v. propel

The space shuttle uses enormous amounts of propellant to lift it from the ground and free it from earth's atmosphere.

太空梭利用大量推进剂,使它升空并脱离地球大气层。

propensity

n. natural tendency 倾向;习性

Herbert is a talented public speaker, but he does have a propensity to be long winded.

赫伯特是个有才能的演说家,但他确实有滔滔不绝的倾向。

Synonym

同义词:aptness; inclination; disposition

propulsive

adj. serving to drive something forward 推进(力)的

The propulsive force behind the project was the desire of the students to do something positive for their community.

这项计划背后的推动力,是学生们想要对社区有所贡献。

punitive

adj. punishing 处罚的

Punitive action against the oil companies involved in the price scandal will be decided within the next week.

关于如何惩罚涉及价格舞弊的石油公司,将于下星期决定。

Synonym

同义词:punitory; disciplinary

repellent

adj. tending to drive back; uninviting 排斥的;令人讨厌的

Gary's repellent personality makes him unbearable to be around.

盖瑞令人讨厌的个性,使人受不了和他在一起。

Synonym

同义词:repulsive; repugnant

Antonym

反义词:attractive; pleasing

replenish

v. to fill up again 补充;再装满

Several crates of wine were sent to replenish the restaurant's wine cellar after the banquet the night before.

在昨晚的宴会后,几大箱的酒被送至餐馆,重新装满了酒窖。

* crate

木条板箱

* cellar

地窖

Synonym

同义词:restock; refill; furnish

Antonym

反义词:consume; drain; exhaust

replete

adj. quite full 充满的;吃饱的

Adam smiled and replied that the dinner had been delicious and he was comfortably replete.

亚当微笑着回答说,晚餐很好吃,他吃得很薄。

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