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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 15(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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apposite

adj. suitable 适当的

The customer's concerns about product safety were apposite, especially after so many accidents involving the product.

顾客关心产品的安全是应该的,尤其这个产品发生过这么多次意外。

Synonym

同义词:appropriate; proper; applicable

Antonym

反义词:inapt; unsuitable

apprehend

v. to seize; to arrest 逮捕

The police finally apprehended the suspect after a long game of cat and mouse.

在长时间的追捕行动后,警方终于逮捕了嫌疑犯,

Antonym

反义词:release; liberate

comport

v. to behave 举止

 

n. comportment

When in the presence of royalty, you must comport yourself with dignity.

在皇族面前,你的举止必须庄重。

cosmopolitan

adj. of or from many different parts of the world 世界性的;四海为家的

She had an air of cosmopolitan sophistication about her, and drew crowds of hangers-on.

她有一种四海为家、老练世故的气息,因此吸引了许多追随者。

* sophistication

世故;老练

* hanger-on

跟随者

Synonym

同义词:universal; worldly

Antonym

反义词:provincial; insular

deposition

n. statement make under oath 宣誓证言

 

v. depose

The lawyer presented a deposition by the witness to the judge in his client's defense.

律师将证人的宣誓证言呈给法官,为他的当事人辩护。

Synonym

同义词:testimony

deprecate

v. to disapprove of 驳斥;反对

Norris was very downhearted after his teacher deprecated his ideas for a class project.

在老师反对他对于班级计划所提的意见后,诺里斯非常沮丧。

* downhearted

沮丧的

Synonym

同义词:object

Antonym

反义词:approve; endorse

depredation

n. taking by force 抢夺

The depredation of the village by the enemy soldiers left nothing but ruins.

敌军抢夺村庄之后,只留下一片废墟。

Synonym

同义词:plundering; ravaging

disport

v. to amuse oneself 玩乐;嬉戏

Groups of young people could be seen disporting themselves swimming in the shallow banks of the river.

一群群年轻人在河边的浅滩中游泳嬉戏。

duplicity

n. deceit; deception 口是心非

Angela's duplicity in the matter led her friends to distrust her from then on.

安琪拉对于那件事情口是心非,使得她的朋友从此不再相信她。

Synonym

同义词:artifice; guile; hypocrisy

Antonym

反义词:candor; honesty

enterprise

n. 1. organization, especially a business firm 企业 2. courage to do something difficult 进取心

Paul requested a loan from the bank to enable him to set up his private importing enterprise.

保罗要求银行贷款,使他能成立私人的进口公司。

Bonnie was a woman of enterprise, and was soon on her way to becoming a film director.

邦尼是个富有进取心的女人,很快地她就朝着成为电影导演之路迈进。

Synonym

同义词:2. initiative; ambition

Antonym

反义词:2. languor; indolence

implicate

v. 1. to imply 暗示 2. to show that someone else is also to blame 牵连

Henry refused to implicate his fellow gang members in the murder of the store clerk.

亨利拒绝承认他的帮派同伙和谋杀店员有所牵连。

Synonym

同义词:2. entangle; involve

Antonym

反义词:2. acquit; exculpate

impotent

adj. lacking power to do things 无能的

The women in the factory realized they were not impotent to change their situation.

工厂女工了解,他们并非没有能力改变她们的情况。

Synonym

同义词:incapable; feeble

Antonym

反义词:competent; powerful

imprecate

v. to curse 诅骂

 

n. imprecation

After the government scandal was revealed, crowds imprecated the senator wherever he went.

在政府的丑闻曝光之后,那位参议院无论走到哪儿,都受到民众诅咒。

Synonym

同义词:execrate; damn

Antonym

反义词:bless

juxtapose

v. to put side by side (often to contrast) 使并列

 

n. juxtaposition

To make his point, Laurence juxtaposed his theories to those of earlier economists.

为了证明他的论点正确,罗伦斯将自己的理论与早期经济学家的理论并列。

metropolis

n. chief city or capital city of a country. 首府;大都市

As people in search of work flooded the city, the sprawling metropolis grew beyond what its resources could handle.

随着谋职的人大量涌入都市,杂乱扩张的都市已经超过本身资源所能负担的程度。

* sprawling

杂乱扩张的

potentate

n. ruler 统治者;有权势的人

The potentate ruled the land with an ironclad fist and earned himself the hatred of the people.

统治者以铁腕统治国家,引起人民的憎恨。

* ironclad

装甲的

Synonym

同义词:sovereign; monarch

precarious

adj. 1. uncertain 不确定的 2. unsafe 不安全的

That book is certain to fall on someone's head if you place it in such a precarious position.

如果你把那本书放在这么不安全的位置,它一定会掉下来,砸到人的头。

Synonym

同义词:1. dubious; doubtful 2. perilous;hazardous

Antonym

反义词:1. certain 2. secure

predacious

adj. preying on other animals 掠夺为生的;掠食性的

Predacious animals, such as wild coyotes, are decimating local pet populations.

掠食性的动物,如土狼,使当地宠物的数量锐减。

* coyote

土狼

* decimate

毁灭多数

Synonym

同义词:rapacious; predatory; plundering

predatory

adj. plundering 掠夺(性)的

Military training brought out the worst predatory instincts in the young men.

军事训练使年轻人最不好的掠夺本能显露出来。

* instinct

本能

Synonym

同义词:pillaging; rapacious; predacious

prehensile

adj. able to seize or hold 适于抓握的;有理解力的

Monkey's prehensile tails allow them to cling to trees in seemingly impossible positions.

猴子适合抓握的尾巴,使他们能以看起来不可能的姿势攀附着树木。

* seemingly

看起来;表面上

purport

n. general meaning or intention of one's words or actions 意义;主旨

 

v. purport

Although his words were ill chosen and confusing, the main purport of his report was understood.

虽然他的报告中用字不好,令人混淆,主旨却可以理解。

Synonym

同义词:implication; purpose

repository

n. place where things are stored 贮藏处

Several crates of valuable antiques were discovered in a hidden repository under the house.

在房子低下秘密的贮藏处中,发现了好几箱贵重的古董。

* crate

木条板箱

* antique

古董

Synonym

同义词:depot; storehouse; warehouse

reprehensible

adj. deserving to be scolded 应受责备的

Mr. Gardener's reprehensible behavior at the party will not be forgotten any time soon.

迦得纳先生在宴会中应受责备的行为,不会很快被遗忘。

Synonym

同义词:blameworthy; culpable; censurable

Antonym

反义词:praiseworthy; admirable

supple

adj. 1. bending easily 易曲的;柔软的 2. pliant 柔顺的

The chef formed the supple dough into small pastries to be baked in the oven.

厨师将柔软的面团做成小糕饼,放进烤箱中烘烤。

* dough

生面团

Synonym

同义词:1. elastic; flexible 2. docile

Antonym

反义词:stiff; rigid; inflexible

suppliant

adj. begging; requesting 恳求的

 

v. supplicate

Suppliant children tugged at his sleeve, hoping for a handful of candies.

孩子们拉着他的袖子,恳求他给他们糖果。

* tug

用力拉

Synonym

同义词:beseeching; entreating; imploring

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