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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 30(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-05-05发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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aphorism

n. short, wise saying 格言;警语

The aphorism by which Sonya conducts her business is, "Time is money."

桑雅处理业务所遵循的座右铭是:「时间就是金钱。」

Synonym

同义词:maxim; dictum; adage; precept

cauterize

v. to bum with a caustic substance or with a hot iron 烧灼

To stop the bleeding, the doctor had to cauterize the artery.

为了止血,医生必须烧灼动脉。

* artery

动脉

complicity

n. taking part with another person in crime 共谋

Otis' complicity in hiding stolen goods for Tony made him guilty of the crime too.

奥提斯为东尼保管赃物,这种共谋的行为,使他也有罪。

Synonym

同义词:conspiracy; collusion; connivance

conformity

n. agreement 一致

Japanese society prizes conformity over individuality, beating down the nail that sticks out.

日本社会重视一致性,而非个人主义,他们会打击崭露头角的人。

* beat down

打倒;压制

* stick out

突出

Synonym

同义词:consistency; uniformity; congruity

decrepitude

n. state of being old and weak 衰老;破旧

The decrepitude of the building made it more economical to tear it down and rebuild than to renovate.

将这栋破旧的建筑物拆掉重建,要比整修来得划算。

* renovate

修复

Synonym

同义词:senility; dilapidation

defeatist

n. person whose attitude is based on expectations of defeat 失败主义者

Thomas is a defeatist who never considers the possibility of success.

汤玛斯是个失败主义者,他从来都不觉得会有成功的可能。

ductile

adj. 1. metal capable of being drawn into wire 可延展的 2. easily managed 驯良的

Copper is very ductile and can be made into very fine wires.

铜的延展性很好,可以制成非常细的铜丝。

Ductile work beasts, such as oxen, make good plow animals.

温驯的役兽,例如牛,是很好的犁田动物。

* copper

* plow

犁;耕地

Synonym

同义词:1. plastic; malleable 2. docile

eccentricity

n. strangeness of behavior; strange habit 古怪;怪癖

As Geoffrey was such a nice elderly man, most people just put up with his eccentricity.

因为杰佛瑞是个非常亲切的老人,所以大多数人都会容忍他的怪癖。

* put up with

忍受

Synonym

同义词:idiosyncrasy; singularity; oddity; weirdness

entomology

n. study of insects 昆虫学

Students majoring in entomology were busy watching ants carrying bits of food in the grass.

昆虫学系的学生正忙着观察蚂蚁在草地上搬运食物。

ethnology

n. study of the races of mankind 人种学

Ethnology is a branch of anthropology.

人种学是人类学的一个分科。

* anthropology

人类学

etymology

n. (study of) the origin and history of words 语源(学)

The professor explained that the etymology of the word was Greek and that it meant "stranger."

教授解释,那个字的语源是希腊文,意思是「陌生人」。

fortitude

n. strength, courage in the face of danger, pain, or difficulty 坚忍;刚毅

The town dealt with the aftermath of the hurricane with moving fortitude.

那个城镇的镇民以感人的坚忍态度,处理飓风过后的残局。

* aftermath

(灾害等的)余波;后果

* hurricane

飓风

Synonym

同义词:perseverance; endurance; intrepidity

Antonym

反义词:cowardice; timidity

hedonism

n. belief that pleasure is the chief good 享乐主义

Leaving the hard life of the farm, Barney headed for the hedonism of the big city.

脱离农场艰苦的生活,巴尼追求大城市的享乐。

Antonym

反义词:asceticism

latitude

n. freedom in action or opinion (行动或百论的)自由范围

The teacher has given us a lot of latitude in choosing how to make our presentation on ancient Greece.

关于如何针对古希腊这个主题提出报告,老师给予我们很多选择的自由。

Synonym

同义词:liberty; freedom

memorialize

v. to keep the memory of 纪念

The battle was memorialized with a huge statue of three soldiers raising the flag.

为了纪念这次战役,人们建造了一座由三位士兵高举着国旗的巨大雕像。

Synonym

同义词:commemorate; monumentalize

oculist

n. doctor of diseases of eyes 眼科医师

The oculists of the seventeenth century were amazed with the uses of improved glass lenses.

十七世纪的眼科医师,对于矫正镜片的使用,感到惊奇。

optimism

n. tendency to look upon the bright side of things 乐天主义;乐观

Laura's optimism was contagious, and soon the whole family believed the new business would succeed.

罗拉的乐观具有感染力,很快地全家人都相信新的事业会成功。

* contagious

传染性的

Synonym

同义词:sanguineness

Antonym

反义词:pessimism; defeatism

ornithologist

n. expert in the study of birds 鸟类学家

Several ornithologists were invited to the park to survey the number of rare eagles nesting there.

有几位鸟类学家受邀至公园,调査在那里筑巢的稀有老鹰的数量。

passivism

n. failure to respond actively 消极主义

Eddie never joined class discussions and his passivism in class kept him from learning even more.

艾迪从不参与班上的讨论,他在班上的消极态度,使他无法学到更多。

proximity

n. nearness 接近

 

adj. proximate

Our campus' proximity to downtown allows students to enjoy the cultural activities of the city.

我们的校园靠近市中心,方便学生参与市内的文化活动。

Synonym

同义词:contiguity; adjacency; vicinity

Antonym

反义词:farness; remoteness; distance

puerile

adj. like a child 像小孩的;幼稚的

Paul's puerile behavior embarrassed Jennifer so much that she left the party.

保罗幼稚的行为使珍妮佛感到十分困窘,因此她离开了宴会。

Synonym

同义词:childish; juvenile; naive

rationalize

v. to reason 使合理化;找籍口

Tina rationalized eating three chocolate bars for lunch by promising she would go on a diet tomorrow.

蒂娜以答应明天开始减肥作籍口,午餐时吃了三条巧克力。

Synonym

同义词:justify; account for

sagacity

n. wisdom 睿智;精明

 

adj. sagacious

My grandmother was well respected and everyone sought out Grandma's sagacity on a wide variety of topics.

我的祖母德高望重,人们有各式各样的问题,都仰赖祖母的睿智来解决。

Synonym

同义词:insight; judiciousness; sageness

sophist

n. person who uses clever but misleading arguments 诡辩家

Angela's uncle warned her of the many sophists working in government and told her to watch herself.

安琪拉的叔叔警告她,有许多爱诡辩的人在政府机构做事,她自己要小心。

victimize

v. to make a victim 使牺牲;使受害

Most rape victims are not only hurt by their attackers, but are also victimized by an unfeeling and unfair judicial system.

大多数强暴案的受害人,不仅受到攻击者的伤害,还成为无情又不公平的司法制度下的牺牲品。

Synonym

同义词:sacrifice

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