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美国癌症协会权威发言:电子烟比卷烟更健康

kira86 于2018-10-19发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国癌症协会建议,成年烟民如通过自主戒烟或其他有效的方法无法戒断烟瘾,可以尝试电子烟。

电子烟.jpg
E-cigarettes less harmful than smoking, says American Cancer Society

美国癌症协会权威发言:电子烟比卷烟更健康

By Bradley J. Fikes Contact Reporter

布拉德利·J·菲克斯

Adult smokers who can’t quit or use approved cessation methods should be encouraged to switch to electronic cigarettes, the American Cancer Society advises.

美国癌症协会建议,成年烟民如通过自主戒烟或其他有效的方法无法戒断烟瘾,可以尝试电子烟。

The society's new policy statement, adopted this month, could provide a middle ground between those who regard e-cigarettes as a dangerously attractive lure, and vaping advocates who say the practice has helped them quit the far more dangerous practice of cigarette smoking.

有人认为蒸汽电子烟危害大;有人认为蒸汽电子烟可以有效帮助戒断烟瘾,与卷烟相比要安全得多,美国癌症协会于今年2月发布一项新的政策声明,声明给出了一个折中方案。

Of course, these individuals should be regularly advised to completely quit using all tobacco products, the society says in its statement. The switch from smoking to vaping needs to be complete to reduce the health risk, the society says.

该协会在声明中称在选择电子烟的同时,烟民应该完全隔离一切烟草制品,这样可以降低健康风险。

The pro-vaping Consumer Choice Center said the society’s qualified endorsement was "a step in the right direction," in a statement posted Wednesday on Twitter.

消费者自由选择中心(Consumer Choice Center)是电子烟的忠实拥趸,该组织周三在Twitter上发表声明称:美国癌症协会的实力背书,向正确方向迈进了一大步。

Vaping's relative risk compared to cigarette smoking has been fiercely debated.

电子烟和卷烟到底谁的危害更大,引发了激烈的争辩。

Electronic cigarettes could serve as a gateway to smoking for nonsmoking youths, according to one study of Southern California youths published in 2016 by the University of Southern California.

根据2016年南加州大学发表的一篇针对南加州青少年的研究显示:电子烟可能成为非吸烟青少年迈向吸烟的推手。

And a study by UC San Diego and VA scientists found that e-cigarette vapor makes the antibiotic-resistant superbug MRSA harder to kill.

另一项由加州大学圣地亚哥分校和弗吉尼亚大学科学家共同所做的研究发现电子烟的气雾会让耐抗生素超级细菌MRSA更加强壮。

Vaping supporters say the vaporized liquid doesn’t contain the known carcinogens and other toxic chemicals produced by burning tobacco, so it’s less risky.

支持者称电子烟产生的气雾不含卷烟燃烧时产生的致癌物和其他有毒化学物,因而更安全。

A 2016 study said that switching to vaping is reducing death rates from smoking.

2016年一项研究表明使用蒸汽电子烟可以降低死亡率。

This was backed up by a 2017 study that found smokers who switch to vaping greatly reduce their exposure to carcinogens and other toxic inhaled substances.

2017年的一项研究也得出了类似结论,发现烟民使用电子烟之后,接触到的致癌物质和吸入的有毒物质大幅减少。

Vaping may lead youths to start smoking, but vaping itself is likely to be far less hazardous than conventional cigarettes, according to a report released in January by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

根据美国国家科学院(NAS)1月发布的一份报告显示:蒸汽电子烟只是可能推动青少年吸烟,但它本身的危害可能远比传统卷烟小。

To resolve this issue, the American Cancer Society recommends more research.

美国癌症协会建议做进一步的调查研究。

The ACS encourages the FDA to regulate all tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, to the full extent of its authority, and to determine the absolute and relative harms of each product, the society said in its statement.

美国癌症协会还在相关声明中提到“我们鼓励FDA尽一切所能管控包括电子烟在内的一切烟草制品,进而明确每种制品的绝对和相对危害。”

The FDA should assess whether e-cigarettes help to reduce tobacco-related morbidity and mortality, and the impact of marketing of e-cigarettes on consumer perceptions and behavior.

“FDA有必要对电子烟进行评估,以便确定电子烟是否有助于降低烟草相关发病率和死亡率,以及电子烟营销对消费者认知和行为的影响。”

文章来源:http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/business/biotech/sd-me-cancer-vaping-20180222-story.html

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