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研究:摇晃有助于成年人入睡快、睡得香

kira86 于2019-03-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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摇一摇睡得好、晃一晃睡得香,睡眠研究人员证明,摇晃有助于成年人更快入睡、睡得更香。
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摇晃.jpg
Rocking Helps Adults Sleep Too

摇晃也有助于改善成年人的睡眠

Every new parent knows, or learns pretty quickly, that rocking can calm that fussy baby when it's time to take a nap. But the benefits of gentle motion may extend past the swaddling stage. Because two new studies show that rocking also helps grown-ups, both human and mouse, get a good night's sleep. The two research efforts are in the journal Current Biology.

每个新生儿的父母都知道或者很快就能学会,当宝宝需要小睡的时候,摇晃可以让一个难搞的宝宝平静下来。但轻柔的摇晃或许不仅仅适用于襁褓阶段。因为两项新的研究表明,摇晃也有助于成年人类或老鼠获得一个良好的睡眠。这两项研究成果都发表在《当代生物学》杂志上。

It should be no surprise that movement can be soothing. Think of how many times you've fallen asleep on a train. But can motion really induce a doze, and make for a deeper sleep? To find out, researchers invited 18 healthy volunteers for a sleepover.

晃动可以让人放松,这一点不足为奇,想想你有多少次在火车上睡着了吧。但晃动真的能让人打瞌睡、让人睡得更沉吗?为了找到答案,研究人员邀请了18名健康的志愿者到实验室过夜。

So they came to the lab and they slept one time on the stationary position, normal bed. And one night where they got rocked.

“所以他们来到实验室,一晚睡在固定不动的普通床上。一晚睡在会摇晃的床上。”

Aurore Perrault, a sleep researcher at the University of Geneva in Switzerland.

瑞士日内瓦大学的睡眠研究员阿洛尔·佩罗特表示到。

And what we find is actually compared to a stationary night, a whole night of rocking sleep has a beneficial impact. Not only on sleep initiation, which means they fall asleep faster, but also on sleep maintenance, as we saw that they have less micro-awakening during the night.

“我们发现,与睡在整晚静止不动的床上相比,睡在整晚摇晃的床上对睡眠会产生有益的影响。不仅对入睡初级阶段产生积极的影响,即他们入睡更快,还会对睡眠维持方面产生影响,我们发现他们在夜间的微觉醒更少。”

Subjects who rocked also did better on a memory test the next morning than did the stiller sleepers.

在第二天早上的记忆测试中,睡在摇摆床上的受试者比睡在静止床上的睡眠者表现得更好。

In the second study, Konstantinos Kompotis, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne, rocked a rack of rodents.

在第二项研究中,洛桑大学(University of Lausanne)博士后康斯坦蒂诺斯·孔波蒂斯(Konstantinos Kompotis)摇了一组啮齿动物。

Whether rocking affects sleep in species other human was never before discussed. So the main questions for our study were does rocking affect sleep in mice and what is the underlying mechanism?

“此前从未有人讨论过摇晃是否会影响其他物种的睡眠。所以我们研究的主要问题是:摇晃会影响老鼠的睡眠吗?以及其中的潜在机制是什么?”

Kompotis placed the mouse cages on a platform that moved from side to side. And though mice were rocked four times faster than their human counterparts - a frequency of one back-and-forth per second, or 1 Hertz, worked best - the results were strikingly similar.

孔波蒂斯把老鼠笼子放在一个可以左右晃动的平台上。尽管老鼠摇摆的速度是人类摇摆速度的四倍——频率为每秒1次或1赫兹时效果最好——但结果却惊人地相似。

During rocking at 1 Hertz, time spent asleep increased, there were more transitions from wakefulness to non-REM sleep, and mice fell asleep twice as fast than at stationary condition.

“在每秒摇晃一次的过程中,老鼠的睡眠时间增加了,从清醒状态到非REM睡眠(没有快速动眼运动的睡眠)的过渡更多了,老鼠的入睡速度比静止状态时快两倍。”

The effect required an ability to detect motion. Mice with a defective vestibular system, which is key to maintaining balance, did not become lulled by the sleep-inducing platform.

这种效果要求自身具备感知晃动的能力。前庭系统有 缺陷的老鼠(前庭系统是维持平衡的关键)没有被诱导睡眠的平台(左右晃动的平台)催眠。

Additional studies could allow the researchers to identify a new target for treating sleep disorders, including insomnia. Until then, you might think about adding a little swing to your nighttime routine.

进一步的研究可以帮助研究人员找到治疗包括失眠在内的睡眠障碍的新目标。不过在那之前,你或许可以考虑在夜间活动中稍微摇摆一会儿(或者睡觉时让自己轻轻地摇摆起来)。

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