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尼日利亚:用垃圾换现金来减少固体废弃物

kira86 于2019-09-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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尼日利亚当地垃圾回收商,通过分拣垃圾中获得金钱。这不仅仅是一种谋生手段,还让尼日利亚减少了固体废弃物。
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Local Nigerian Recyclers Reduce Solid Waste by Exchanging Trash for Cash

尼日利亚当地回收商通过用垃圾换现金来减少固体废弃物

Another day in this junkyard means another opportunity for 30-year-old Awodu Suleiman to make ends meet.He’s been here for six years, each day scouring through this heap of waste for recyclables. When he’s done sorting plastic or aluminum Suleiman cuts them away for processing.This work is money for me and that is why I’m doing it with passion.From this job I got married to my wife and it sustains us.Life has been easy with me.The local recyclers here buy the trash from we’re talking and convert them into reusable products, mostly pots, local burners and cook wares and then resell them.55 year-old Mahmud Ahmed said he’s been recycling aluminum for more than 25 years.I started this work in Lagos before I came to this place. From what I get from the sales of my pots, I’m able to pay school fees for my seven children. For many local recyclers like Ahmed the venture is nothing more than a means of daily survival.

对30岁的阿乌杜·苏莱曼来说,在这个垃圾场的又一天意味着维持生计的又一个机会。他在这里已经六年了,每天都在这堆垃圾中搜寻可回收的东西。当他分拣塑料或铝的时候,苏莱曼把它们切割下来以便加工。这份工作对我来说就是金钱,这就是为什么我满怀激情地工作。这份工作让我和妻子结了婚,它维持着我们的生活。生活还算轻松。当地的垃圾回收商从我们说的那里购买废弃物,然后把它们改造成可重复使用的产品,主要是罐子、当地的燃烧器和炊具,然后再卖出去。55岁的马哈茂德·艾哈迈德说,他回收铝已经超过25年了。在来这里之前,我是在拉各斯开始这项工作的。我卖盆盆罐罐的所得能够支付我七个孩子的学费。对于许多像艾哈迈德这样的当地回收商来说,这种营生只不过是一种日常生存的手段。

But experts say local recycling is much more than that.Nigeria is one of the biggest contributors of solid waste in Africa with an estimated 32 million metric tons of solid waste a year.Almost any country in the world has problems with waste management, so Nigeria is not a particularly peculiar case.So the thing is the fundamental problem we have is because of the logistics does in the sector, waste management is pretty expensive. In 2009 the government awarded contracts for the procurement and installation of recyclers across 26 cities in Nigeria included the capital.Yet there are those with loftier goals.There’s also the concept of zero waste as individuals we can plan to leave life with less waste.And for example now plastic is actually immediate problem globally right now. So they are concepts we... you can go plastic free, you can use alternatives. Solid waste management is the most pressing environmental challenge faced by urban and rural areas of Nigeria.Nigeria’s population is estimated to double by 2050. And this could mean more solid waste hanging around. Unless an improvement is seen local recyclers can only go so far in meeting the country’s recycling needs.

但专家表示,当地的回收远不止这些。尼日利亚是非洲固体废弃物废物的最大来源之一,估计每年产生3200万公吨固体废弃物。世界上几乎所有国家都存在废弃物管理问题,所以尼日利亚并不是一个特例。所以我们面临的根本问题是,由于物流在这个领域的所作所为,废弃物管理非常昂贵。2009年政府和尼日利亚包括首都在内的26个城市的回收商签订了采购及安装合同。然而也有一些人有着更高的目标。还有零垃圾的概念,作为个人,我们可以计划在生活中少产生垃圾。例如,在全球范围内塑料现在是一个迫在眉睫的问题。所以这些概念是……你可以不使用塑料,你可以使用替代品。固体废弃物管理是尼日利亚城乡地区所面临的最紧迫的环境挑战。到2050年,尼日利亚人口预计将翻一番。这可能意味着会有更多的固体废弃物存在。除非看到情况有所改善,否则当地回收商只能仅满足国家的回收需求。

Timothy Obiezu for VOA News Abuja.

美国之音,Timothy Obiezu,阿布贾报道。

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