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Patricia Kuhl在Ted英语演讲视频: 婴儿天才的语言天赋(中英字幕)

kira86 于2013-01-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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帕特里夏·库尔讲了有关婴儿学习不同语言的惊人发现,婴儿聆听围绕在他们身边的人类声音并对他们要知道的声音做统计。精巧的室内试验和脑部扫描呈现6周大的婴儿如何使用复杂的统计推理来感知世界。这可能就是为什么少儿英语这么火的原因了。Patricia Kuhl: The linguistic genius of babies 婴儿的语言天赋I want you to take a look at this baby. What you're drawn to are her eyes and the skin you love to touch. But today I'm going to talk to you about something you can't see -- what's going on up in that little brain of hers. The modern tools of neuroscience are demonstrating to us that what's going on up the

婴儿的天才语言能力.jpg

帕特里夏·库尔讲了有关婴儿学习不同语言的惊人发现,婴儿聆听围绕在他们身边的人类声音并对他们要知道的声音做统计。精巧的室内试验和脑部扫描呈现6周大的婴儿如何使用复杂的统计推理来感知世界。这可能就是为什么少儿英语这么火的原因了。

patricia kuhl: the linguistic genius of babies 婴儿的语言天赋

i want you to take a look at this baby. what you're drawn to are her eyes and the skin you love to touch. but today i'm going to talk to you about something you can't see -- what's going on up in that little brain of hers. the modern tools of neuroscience are demonstrating to us that what's going on up there is nothing short of rocket science. and what we're learning is going to shed some light on what the romantic writers and poets described as the "celestial openness" of the child's mind.

what we see here is a mother in india, and she's speaking koro, which is a newly discovered language. and she's talking to her baby. what this mother -- and the 800 people who speak koro in the world -- understands [is] that, to preserve this language, they need to speak it to the babies. and therein lies a critical puzzle. why is it that you can't preserve a language by speaking to you and i, to the adults? well, it's got to do with your brain. what we see here is that language has a critical period for learning. the way to read this slide is to look at your age on the horizontal axis. (laughter) and you'll see on the vertical your skill at acquiring a second language. babies and children are geniuses until they turn seven, and then there's a systematic decline. after puberty, we fall off the map. no scientists dispute this curve, but laboratories all over the world are trying to figure out why it works this way.

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