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印度推出儿童书包重量指南 书包的重量由年龄决定

kira86 于2018-12-05发布 l 已有人浏览
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由于书包国中影响孩子脊柱健康,印度官员最近批准了儿童书包重量指南,书包的重量取决于孩子的年龄。
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No More Heavy School Bags for Indian Students

印度官方给学生的书包减负

Indian officials recently approved weight guidelines for children's school bags.

印度官员最近批准了儿童书包重量指南。

The central government said the weight of the bag should depend on the age of the child. It urged all Indian states to set limits in accordance with the new guidance.

中央政府表示,书包的重量应取决于孩子的年龄。它敦促印度各邦根据新指南设定限额。

Indian officials have denounced schools for making students carry heavy school bags and giving young children homework.

印度官员谴责学校让学生背沉重的书包和给低龄儿童子布置家庭作业。

Under the guidelines, no homework would be given to children in Classes 1 and 2. This will ensure that the youngest students have no books to carry home.

根据这些指南,一年级和二年级的孩子不会有任何家庭作业。这将确保最小的学生不必把书本带回家。

For students in Classes 3 to 5, the weight of a school bag would never be more than three kilograms. And bags would never weigh more than five kilograms for students in Class 10.

对于3到5年级的学生来说,他们的书包重量不会超过3公斤。10年级学生的书包重量不会超过5公斤。

The Indian government noted studies that show how a heavy load can affect students' soft and developing spines.

印度政府提到一些研究,这些研究显示沉重的负荷是如何影响学生柔软并处于发育中的脊柱的。

One study by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India found that 68 percent of young children might suffer from mild back pain. The mild pain can develop into long-term back pain and affect bones of the spinal column.

印度工商联合会的一项研究发现,68%的幼儿可能患有轻微背痛。这种轻微疼痛会发展为长期背痛,并影响脊柱骨骼。

The study involved more than 2,500 children between the ages of seven and 13. It found that more than 88 percent of children carried more than 45 percent of their body weight on their backs.

这项研究涉及2500多名7到13岁的儿童。研究发现,超过88%的儿童背部负重超过他们体重的45%。

Rashmi Tapke is a mother of two children in Mumbai. She said heavy school bags reflect poor planning.

孟买的拉希米·塔普克是两个孩子的母亲。她说沉重的书包反映了计划欠佳。

She supports the federal weight limits. She added, "If they plan, they can repeat the subjects taught and thus reduce the load. My kids find it difficult to carry so many books."

她支持联邦的书包重量限制。她补充说道,“如果他们有计划,他们可以重复教授科目,从而减轻负担。我的孩子们发现很难带这么多书。”

Mumbai is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The state requires that a school bag's weight should be no more than 10 percent of a child's body weight. Many schools there have started using white boards and projectors in classes. This has reduced the number of books to be carried to school.

孟买是印度马哈拉施特拉邦的首府。该邦规定书包的重量不能超过孩子体重的10%。那里的许多学校已经开始在课堂上使用白板和投影仪了。这减少了要带到学校的书籍数量。

But in large parts of rural India, children still have to walk great distances, weighed down by heavy school bags.

但在印度大部分农村地区,孩子们必须要走很远的路,沉重的书包压得他们喘不过气来。

Rajinder Shukla's daughter attends school in Uttar Pradesh state. He said she has to bring "about 4-5 kilograms of books in her school bag and also carry her lunch box and water bottle in a separate bag."

拉金德尔·舒克拉的女儿在北方邦上学。他说,她必须背着“装有约4到5公斤书的书包,还得拎着一个装有饭盒和水瓶的袋子。”

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