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身材健美≠身体健康:跑马拉松前建议先看医生

kira86 于2019-04-15发布 l 已有人浏览
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著名的赛跑者用死亡留给马拉松爱好者的教训:你能跑长跑,并不能说明你的心脏就很健康。每次开跑前,记得做身体检查。
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Health Advice: Go to the Doctor Before Running a Marathon

健康建议:跑马拉松前要先看医生

In July 1984, the famous author and runner Jim Fixx died of a heart attack while running. One lesson from his death: just because you run does not mean you are safe from heart problems.

1984年7月,著名作家和跑步者吉姆·菲克斯(Jim Fixx)在跑步时因心脏病发而身亡。他的死亡留下了一个教训:仅仅因为你能跑步,并不能说明你就没有心脏问题。

Thirty-five years later, Boston Marathon race director Dave McGillivray is repeating that message. "Being fit and being healthy aren't the same things," he says.

35年之后,波士顿马拉松赛事主管戴维·麦吉利夫雷(Dave McGillivray)再次重申了这一观点。他说:“健壮和健康不是一回事。”

McGillivray, a lifelong runner, should know. Six months ago, he had heart surgery after suffering chest pain and shortness of breath while running.

麦吉利夫雷作为一位长年跑步者应该很能体会这一点。6个月前,他在跑步时感觉胸痛和气短,然后做了心脏手术。

McGillivray's family had a long history of heart problems. "I honestly thought that through exercise, cholesterol-lowering medicine, good sleep and the right diet, I'd be fine," he says. "But you can't run away from your genetics."

麦吉利夫雷的家族有很长的心脏病史。他说:“我还以为通过运动、降胆固醇药物、良好睡眠和正确饮食,我就没事了。但是你逃不过遗传啊。”

Aerobic exercise such as running, walking, cycling and swimming is known to reduce the risk of many health problems. But new research is questioning the value of "extreme exercise."

众所周知,跑步、散步、骑自行车和游泳等有氧运动可以减少许多健康问题的风险。但是新的研究开始质疑“极限运动”的价值。

In a study published in December, researchers in Spain found information suggesting that full marathons, such as the famous Boston marathon, might injure the heart.

在去年12月发表的一份研究中,西班牙的研究人员发现有信息表明,著名的波士顿马拉松赛之类的全马拉松可能会损害心脏。

Dr. Kevin Harris is a cardiologist. He notes that running is a good activity, but the act of running "doesn't make you invincible." Harris adds that people who have a family history of heart problems should talk with their health care provider before running a marathon. "Especially," he added, "men who are older than 40 and those people who have symptoms they're concerned about."

凯文·哈里斯(Kevin Harris)博士是一位心脏病专家。他指出,跑步是一项很好的运动,但是跑步这一举动并不会让你永远立于不败之地。哈里斯补充说,有心脏病家族史的人在跑马拉松前应该去找他们的医生咨询。他还说,“尤其是40岁以上男子或是那些出现让人担心的症状的人。”

The Spanish researchers, led by Dr. Juan Del Coso, found that only about one in 50,000 marathoners suffers cardiac arrest, a medical term for when the heart stops beating. But, a high number of cardiac events that are caused by exercise happen during marathons.

由Juan Del Coso博士领导的这些西班牙研究人员发现,只有大约五万分之一的马拉松运动员会发生心脏骤停。心脏骤停是心脏停止跳动的医学术语。但是,大量心脏病事件是马拉松比赛期间的运动导致的。

The Boston Marathon, and many other major races, place defibrillators along the race course. Defibrillators are devices that use electricity to shock the heart.

波士顿马拉松以及其它大型赛事都沿赛道安放了除颤器。除颤器是利用电力来震动心脏的装置。

McGillivray says his doctor allowed him to race in the upcoming Boston Marathon. He has competed in it every year for 47 years. "My new mission," he says, "is to create awareness: If you feel something, do something... You might not get a second chance."

麦吉利夫雷表示,他的医生允许他参加即将举行的波士顿马拉松比赛。他47年来每年都参加这项赛事。他说:“我的新任务是保持警惕:感觉不舒服就立即采取措施,生命没有第二次啊。”

I'm John Russell.

我是约翰·拉塞尔。

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