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名师答疑:谈论相似之处 like和alike的用法区别

kira86 于2018-11-07发布 l 已有人浏览
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你有没有想过谈论人或事物之间的相似之处,但又不确定该用什么词?今天要讲的是如何使用“alike”和“like”,二者之间的区别。
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Ask a Teacher: Like or Alike?

名师答疑:like和alike的区别

Have you ever wanted to talk about similarities between people or things but were unsure what words to use?Today's question comes from Nagim of Israel.

你有没有想过谈论人或事物之间的相似之处,但又不确定该用什么词?今天的问题来自以色列的纳吉姆。

Hello from Israel.How can we use "alike" and "like"?These two words are very difficult for me.

我在以色列向大家问好。我们如何使用“alike”和“like”呢?这两个词对我来说太难了。

Hello, Nagim, and thanks for asking a teacher!

你好,纳吉姆,感谢你的提问!

The words "alike" and "like" are easy to confuse.We use both to show similarities between people or things.They also sound alike.

“alike”和“like”这两个词很容易混淆。我们用这两个词来表示人与人之间或事物之间的相似之处。它们听起来也很相似。

Did you see how I used the word "alike"?I used it as an adverb.

你知道我怎么用“alike”这个词了吗?我把它用作副词。

Alike can be an adverb or an adjective.

“alike”可以用作副词或形容词。

As an adverb, it means "in a similar way."We use it after an action verb - a verb that expresses physical or mental action.Here is an example that is also a popular expression:

用作副词时,它的意思是“以相似的方式”。我们把它用在行为动词之后,行为动词可以表达身体或心理行为。下面是一个例子,同样也是一个流行的表达方式:

Great minds think alike.

英雄所见略同。

It means that very intelligent people have the same ideas at the same time.

这句话的意思就是有识之士在同一时间有相同的见解。

Here's another:

下面是另一个例子:

Teens sometimes try to dress alike.

青少年们有时会尽力穿着类似的服装。

One other meaning for the adverb "alike" is "both."We use it to talk about two individual people or things or two groups of people or things:

“alike”用作副词时,另一个意思是“两者都”。我们用它来谈论两个人或两个事物以及两组人或两组事物:

Students and teachers alike can listen to Ask a Teacher.

学生和老师都可以收听名师答疑栏目。

For this meaning, notice that the word "alike" comes after the two groups - students and teachers.

对于这个意思,请注意“alike”这个词出现在学生和老师这两个群体之后。

As an adjective, "alike" means "similar in appearance, nature or form."We use it after linking verbs, such as "be," "look" and "sound."

用作形容词时,“alike”的意思就是“外观、性质或形式相似”。我们把它用在“be动词”、“look”和“sound”等系动词之后。

Let's hear some examples.

让我们来听一些例子。

You and your brother are so much alike!

你和你哥哥长得真像啊!

Those sports cars look alike.They're the same shape and color.

那些跑车看起来很相似。它们的形状和颜色一样。

My mom and I sound alike on the phone.

我妈妈和我在电话里的声音很像。

Now, let's talk about "like."The main meaning we are talking about today is as a preposition.It means "similar to" and comes before a noun or pronoun object.Here are some examples:

现在,我们来说说“like”。我们今天谈论的主要是用作介词时的意思。它的意思是“像”,用在名词或代词宾语之前。下面是一些例子:

You are just like your brother.

你就像你哥哥一样。

This sports car looks a lot like that one.

这辆跑车看起来很像那辆。

I sound like my mom on the phone.

我在电话里的声音很像我的妈妈。

We can use the preposition "like" for all five senses.

我们可以用“like”这个介词表达以上五种感觉。

The use of "like" that often confuses English learners is as a conjunction.When a conjunction, "like" means "as if" or "as though" and is informal.

“like”用作连词时,它的用法经常让英语学习者感到困惑。用作连词时,“like”的意思是“好像”或“仿佛”,是一种非正式的用法。

Here's how that sounds:The plane felt like it was going to crash!

听起来是这样的:这架飞机好像要坠毁了!

It means that the plane felt as if it were going to crash.There was probably a lot of turbulence, for example.

这句话的意思就是那架飞机感觉好像要坠毁了。比如,可能有很多湍流。

But, avoid this use in formal writing.

但在正式写作中要避免这种用法。

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上就是本期名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Alice Bryant.

艾丽斯·布赖恩特为您播报。

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