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听故事学4000英语词汇50: 阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦

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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 2 Paul Nation

4000英语核心词汇2 保罗·纳新

Unit 20 Word List

第20单元 单词表

accomplish v.

完成

To accomplish something means to finish it.

表示做完某事。

→ He accomplished his goal of running ten miles.

他完成了自己跑十英里的目标。

approve v.

赞许

To approve of something means you like it or are happy about it.

表示喜欢或者满意。

→ Her co-workers approved her new plan.

她的同事们都对她的新计划表示赞赏。

approximate adj.

近似的

Approximate means to be close to an exact amount, number or time.

表示和精确的数量,数字或时间相近。

→ My approximate height is two meters.

我身高预计有2米。

barrier n.

障碍物

A barrier is something that is in your way.

挡在路上的东西。

→ The Great Wall was a barrier between China and its enemies.

长城是中国抵御来犯之敌的屏障。

detect v.

察觉

To detect something means to notice or find something.

表示注意或发现某事。

→ The boy ran to the kitchen when he detected the smell of cookies.

男孩闻道饼干的香味后就往厨房跑。

duty n.

责任

A duty is something that a person has to do.

必须完成的事。

→ It is parents' duty to take care of their children.

照顾孩子是父母的责任。

elementary adj.

基础的

When something is elementary, it is the first or most simple thing.

最初的或者最简单的事。

→ Children go to elementary school before high school.

孩子们先上小学,再上中学。

failure n.

失败

A failure happens when you do not do something right.

没有正确做某事的结果。

→ My cooking ended in failure because I burned the food.

我的烹饪以食材被烧而告终。

gradual adj.

逐渐的

When something is gradual, it happens slowly.

表示慢慢发生的。

→ Children learn to read at a gradual pace. They do not learn right away.

孩子们会渐渐学会阅读,不是一蹴而就的。

immigrant n.

移民

An immigrant is a person who moves to a different country.

搬到另一个国家的人。

→ My parents were immigrants. They came from Poland.

我父母是移民,他们祖籍是荷兰。

insert v.

插入

To insert something means to put it in something else.

表示放到某物里面。

→ The mailman inserted the letter into the mailbox.

邮差把信投进邮箱里。

instant n.

瞬间

An instant is a very short amount of time.

很短的一段时间。

→ A microwave oven cooks food in an instant.

微波炉很快就能把食物热好。

poverty n.

贫穷

Poverty is the state of being poor.

贫困的状态。

→ Poverty is a problem in many countries around the world.

世界上很多国家都很贫困。

pretend v.

假装

To pretend means to make believe something is real.

让人以为是真的。

→ The boy liked to pretend he was a king.

男孩喜欢扮成国王。

rank n.

等级

A person's rank is their place in an order of people.

在一群人当中的地位。

→ The man got to the rank of captain in the navy.

他当了海军舰长。

recognition n.

赞誉

Recognition is getting praise from other people.

赢得别人的夸赞。

→ The hero got recognition for his brave deed.

大家赞誉这位英雄的勇敢行径。

refrigerate v.

冷藏

To refrigerate something means to make it cold.

表示冷却某物。

→ Grocery stores refrigerate fruit to make it last long.

杂货店把水果冷藏起来,这样能保存的时间更长。

rent n.

租金

Rent is the money people pay to someone to live in a certain place.

人们因为居住在某地而支付的租金。

→ To live in this house, I have to pay rent at the start of each month.

为了能住在这,我每个月头都要付房租。

retire v.

退休

To retire is to leave a job, usually because of old age.

通常是因为年龄的缘故离开工作岗位。

→ My father is sixty-five years old. He is about to retire from work.

我爸爸已经65岁了,他准备退休了。

statistic n.

统计资料

A statistic is a number that tells a fact about something.

揭露某个事实的一串数字。

→ The statistics showed that we did just as well this year as last year.

数据显示,我们今年的表现和去年一样好。

Albert Einstein

阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦

My name is Albert Einstein. Many people know about the great things I've accomplished. But I had many barriers before I became famous.

我叫阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦,许多人都知道我的伟大成就,但我在成名前也遇到了很多挫折。

I was born in Germany. When I was in elementary school, I already knew about math and statistics. When I was a boy, I pretended to be a great scientist. I loved school, but my life at home was hard. My father lost his job, so my family lived in poverty. We could not pay the rent in Germany. We became immigrants and went to Italy. I finished high school and went to college in Switzerland.

我出生于德国,我在上小学的时候就已经了解数学或统计学了。我还是个孩子的时候就经常装作科学家。我喜欢学校,但我家里的生活很困难。我爸爸失业了,所以我们生活在贫困当中。我们付不起德国的房租,因此移民去了意大利,并且我在那读完了高中。我的大学是在瑞士读的。

After college, I began writing about science. I did not reach success in an instant, though. At first, other scientists did not approve of my work. They thought I was a failure. Rising to the rank of an admired scientist was a gradual process. Soon, people started to notice that I was right. At last, I began to get some recognition.

大学毕业后,我开始做科学研究。我并不是一开始就获得了成功。起初,其他的科学家对我的工作嗤之以鼻,他们都认为我是个失败者。我是后来才逐渐变为受人尊敬的科学家。不久后,人们发现我的研究是对的。最终,我开始赢得赞誉。

I showed how to find the approximate size of very big things, like stars. I also detected and explained the movement of very small things, like atoms. And for fun, I made a machine that could refrigerate food by inserting heat. I never retired. It was my duty to keep working. I overcame many hard times, and I will be remembered for my important works.

我演示了如何测量诸如星星这样的庞然大物的大致尺寸,并且还解释了诸如原子这种微小物体的移动。为了好玩,我还发明了一种能冷藏东西的机器。我一直没有退休,持续工作是我的职责。我克服了许多困难的时光,并且人们会因为我的重要成果而记住我。

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